RELEASE
October 02, 2001
LABEL
Sony Classical
GENRES
Classical, Progressive Bluegrass, Bluegrass, Classical Crossover

Album Review

Banjo virtuoso Béla Fleck has certainly broken more boundaries than any other picker in recent memory, from his early days performing bluegrass-inspired folk compositions on Rounder in the late '70s to his quirky jazz freak-outs with the Flecktones throughout the '90s. In late 2001, this peculiar innovator released an album of banjo interpretations of classical works by Bach, Chopin, and Scarlatti. Before classical purists roll their eyes, they must remember that the banjo hasn't always been seen as the instrument of choice of backwoods musicians in the Appalachian mountains, but as recently as the 1940s was used as a primary rhythm instrument in all manner of parlor music. That being said, Perpetual Motion is a bright and unique take on several well-known classical pieces (Moonlight Sonata, Bach's Cello Suite No. 1) as well as a number of interpretations of Bach's two-part and three-part inventions. These light and brief inventions act as buffers between the longer, more dramatic pieces, but end up serving as some of the highlights of the album. With Fleck often accompanied by Evelyn Glennie on marimba and Appalachia Waltz musicians Joshua Bell and Edgar Meyer on violin and bass, these short, delicate pieces weave in and out of the album, proving that the banjo can be seen in a different light altogether. Fleck's picking is uniquely unparalleled in that he can so easily dip his feet into so many different genres with an instrument that is so quickly pigeonholed. The album drifts easily into the background, which is not necessarily a detraction but, knowing the fire that Fleck can unleash from his fingertips, it would have been nice to have a few more impassioned numbers on the album. The closest the ensemble comes to really making some noise is the final track, Paganini's Moto Perpetuo (arranged in a bluegrass style), which is not necessarily more forceful, but is certainly faster and louder.
Zac Johnson, Rovi

Track Listing

  1. Keyboard Sonata in C Major K. 159http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  2. Sonata for keyboard in C major, K. 159 (L. 104) "La caccia"http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  3. Two-Part Invention, for keyboard No. 13 in A minor, BWV 784 (BC L54)http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  4. Two-Part Invention No. 13http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  5. Doctor Gradus Ad Parnassumhttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  6. Doctor Gradus ad Parnassumhttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  7. Mazurka for piano No. 38 in F sharp minor, Op. 59/3, CT. 88http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  8. Mazurka in F-Sharp Minorhttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  9. Partita No. 3 for Solo Violin (Prelude)http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  10. Preludehttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  11. Etude in C-Sharp Minorhttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  12. Etude for piano No. 4 in C sharp minor, Op. 10/4, CT. 17http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  13. Mazurka for piano No. 1 in F sharp minor, Op. 6/1, CT. 51http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  14. Mazurka in F-Sharp Minorhttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  15. Three-Part Invention No. 10http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  16. Three-Part Invention (Sinfonia), for keyboard No. 10 in G major, BWV 79http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  17. Melody in E flat majorhttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  18. Melody in E-Flathttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  19. "Presto in G Minor 1 After Bach"http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  20. Presto No. 1 in G minor after Bachhttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  21. Preludehttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  22. Suite for Unaccompanied Cello No. 1 (Prelude)http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  23. Three-Part Invention No. 15http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  24. Three-Part Invention (Sinfonia), for keyboard No. 15 in B minor, BWV 80http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  25. Moto perpetuo, for violin & guitar (or orchestra) in C major, Op. 11, Mhttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  26. Moto Perpetuohttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  27. Keyboard Sonata in D Minor K. 213http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  28. Sonata for keyboard in D minor, K. 213 (L. 108) "The Lover"http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  29. Two-Part Invention, for keyboard No. 6 in E major, BWV 777 (BC L47)http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  30. Two-Part Invention No. 6http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  31. "Adagio Sostenuto"http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  32. Adagio sostenutohttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  33. Two Part Invention No. 11http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  34. Two-Part Invention, for keyboard No. 11 in G minor, BWV 782 (BC L52)http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  35. Seven Variations on "God Save the King"http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  36. Variations (7) on "God Save the King," for piano in C major, WoO 78http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  37. Three-Part Invention (Sinfonia), for keyboard No. 7 in E minor, BWV 793http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  38. Three-Part Invention No. 7http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  39. Moto Perpetuo (Bluegrass)http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
  40. Bluegrass Version for banjo & guitarhttp://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=GPa6cpPdL08&offerid=162397&type=3&subid=0&tmpid=3664&u1=EI000000004300000004670010074878&RD_PARM1=http%253A%252F%252Fitunes.apple.com%252Falbum%252Fbela-fleck-perpetual-motion%252Fid170179590%253Fuo%253D5%2526s%253D143455
purchase full album